HIV Rapid Test | STD TESTING SINGAPORE™
HIV Rapid Test | STD TESTING SINGAPORE™ @stdtestingsingapore_com: HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) rapid test, Singapore. Private & confidential service.
Come to sunny Singapore to have your testing and treatment. Singapore Ministry of Health registered general practice (GP) clinic:
| SHIM CLINIC|
STD TESTING SINGAPORE™
168 Bedok South Avenue 3 #01-473
Tel: (+65) 6446 7446
Fax: (+65) 6449 7446
24hr Answering Tel: (+65) 6333 5550
Web: HIV Rapid Test | STD TESTING SINGAPORE™
| Opening Hours |
Monday to Friday: 9 am to 3 pm, 7 pm to 11 pm
Saturday & Sunday: 7 pm to 11 pm
Public Holidays: Closed
Last registration: one hour before closing time.
Walk-in clinic. Appointments not required.
Bring NRIC, Work Pass or Passport for registration.
Table of Contents HIV rapid test (20 minutes to results) Two types are available:
Note: If the clinic attendance is only for the HIV rapid test, then consultation fees are not added.
References HIV is the abbreviation for the human immunodeficiency virus, which causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
HIV symptoms which may present in acute HIV infection: These are nonspecific symptoms and can present with other infections; consequently, they are unreliable indicators of HIV infection.
Remember, there is no HIV cure.
HIV window period is the time from HIV infection until a HIV Test can detect any change. Within the HIV window period, the HIV Test would be negative. During this period, the HIV viral load is extremely high, thus making the person highly infectious.
References HIV Test
- 4 weeks after exposure, a negative 4th generation HIV ELISA Test "is very reassuring / highly likely to exclude HIV infection."
- 12 weeks after exposure, a negative 3rd generation HIV ELISA Test "would definitively exclude HIV infection."
| Notes || Sampling Method |
Time to Results
Cost / Price
| 0-72 hours |
No test available
| || |
| 2 weeks (as short as 10-12 days) |
HIV DNA test
- A PCR (polymerase chain reaction) NAT (nucleic acid test) for HIV-1 proviral DNA, therefore a HIV DNA Test.
- Method: Proviral DNA Polymerase Chain Reaction (Roche Amplicor HIV-1 DNA Test, V1.5) This test uses primers SK145 and SKCC1B to define a sequence of 155 nucleotides within a highly conserved region of the HIV-1 gag gene.
- Usually used for the early diagnosis of HIV infection in neonates born to HIV+ mothers. As maternal antibodies circulate in the child for several months, the HIV antibody test would be positive.
- Also used for early HIV diagnosis in adults.
| 1 month |
HIV combo test
| || Fingerprick |
HIV rapid test
| 1 month |
HIV duo test
| || Venipuncture|
| 3 months |
| || HIV oral test /|
HIV saliva test /
HIV rapid test
| 3 months |
HIV blood test
| || Venipuncture |
HIV western blot test
| || Venipuncture |
HIV RNA test
| || Venipuncture|
HIV ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) test generations:
References HIV PCR (polymerase chain reaction) NAT (nucleic acid test) HIV Risk (2009 figures)
- 1st generation: HIV-1 IgG antibody
- 2nd generation: HIV-1 & HIV-2 IgG antibodies
- 3rd generation: HIV-1 & HIV-2 IgG & IgM antibodies
- 4th generation: HIV-1 & HIV-2 IgG & IgM antibodies and HIV p24 antigen
Estimated HIV transmission risk per exposure for specific activities and events
Sources: vaginal sex;1 anal sex;2 fellatio;3 2 mother-to-child;4 other activities.5
|Activity ||Risk-per-exposure |
|Vaginal sex, female-to-male, studies in high-income countries ||0.04% (1:2380) |
|Vaginal sex, male-to-female, studies in high-income countries ||0.08% (1:1234) |
|Vaginal sex, female-to-male, studies in low-income countries ||0.38% (1:263) |
|Vaginal sex, male-to-female, studies in low-income countries ||0.30% (1:333) |
|Vaginal sex, source partner is asymptomatic ||0.07% (1:1428) |
|Vaginal sex, source partner has late-stage disease ||0.55% (1:180) |
|Receptive anal sex amongst gay men, partner unknown status ||0.27% (1:370) |
|Receptive anal sex amongst gay men, partner HIV positive ||0.82% (1:123) |
|Receptive anal sex with condom, gay men, partner unknown status ||0.18% (1:555) |
|Insertive anal sex, gay men, partner unknown status ||0.06% (1:1666) |
|Insertive anal sex with condom, gay men, partner unknown status ||0.04% (1:2500) |
|Receptive fellatio ||Estimates range from 0.00% to 0.04% (1:2500) |
|Mother-to-child, mother takes at least two weeks antiretroviral therapy ||0.8% (1:125) |
|Mother-to-child, mother takes combination therapy, viral load below 50 ||0.1% (1:1000) |
|Injecting drug use ||Estimates range from 0.63% (1:158) to 2.4% (1:41) |
|Needlestick injury, no other risk factors ||0.13% (1:769) |
|Blood transfusion with contaminated blood ||92.5% (9:10) |
HIV Risk (2005 figures)
- Boily MC et al. Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Lancet Infect Dis 9(2): 118-129, 2009
- Vittinghoff E et al. Per-contact risk of human immunodeficiency virus transmission between male sexual partners. American Journal of Epidemiology 150: 306-311, 1999
- Del Romero J et al. Evaluating the risk of HIV transmission through unprotected orogenital sex. AIDS 16(9): 1296-1297, 2002
- Townsend C et al. Low rates of mother-to-child transmission of HIV following effective pregnancy interventions in the United Kingdom and Ireland, 2000-2006. AIDS 22: 973-981, 2008
- Baggaley RF et al. Risk of HIV-1 transmission for parenteral exposure and blood transfusion. AIDS 20: 805-812, 2006
- HIV & AIDS Information :: How transmission occurs - Estimated risk per exposure
Estimated per-act risk for acquisition of HIV, by exposure route*
*Estimates of risk for transmission from sexual exposures assume no condom use.
|Exposure route||Risk per 10,000|
to an infected source
|Needle-sharing injection-drug use||67||0.67|
|Receptive anal intercourse||50||0.5|
|Percutaneous needle stick||30||0.3|
|Receptive penile-vaginal intercourse||10||0.1|
|Insertive anal intercourse||6.5||0.065|
|Insertive penile-vaginal intercourse||5||0.05|
|Receptive oral intercourse†||1||0.01|
|Insertive oral intercourse†||0.5||0.005|
†Source refers to oral intercourse performed on a man.
References HIV risk (2002 figures)
HIV Risk Statistics (chances of getting HIV)
|HIV Risk Factors ||HIV Transmission Probability |
|Needle stick injury3 ||1/300 |
|Receptive anal intercourse4 ||1/100 |
|Receptive vaginal intercourse5 ||1/1000 |
|Insertive vaginal intercourse4 ||1/2000 |
|Insertive anal intercourse4 ||1/2500 |
|Receptive fellatio with ejaculation4 ||1/2500 |
|Sharing needles6 ||1/150 |
HIV prevention / HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) treatment can prevent you from getting an HIV infection, and turning HIV positive.
- Cardo DM, Culver DH, Ciesielski CA, et al. A Case-Control Study of HIV Seroconversion in Health Care Workers after Percutaneous Exposure. N Engl J Med. 1997;337:1485-1490.
- Katz MH, Gerberding JL. Management of occupational and nonoccupational postexposure HIV prophylaxis. Current Inf Dis Reports. 2002;4:543-549.
- Gerberding JL. Prophylaxis for Occupational Exposure to HIV. Ann Intern Med. 1996;6:497-501
- Vitinghoff E, Douglas J, Judon F, et al. Per-Contact Risk of Human Immunodificiency Virus Transmision between Male Sexual Partners. Am J Epidemiol. 1999;150:306-311.
- Peterman TA, Stoneburner RL, Allen JR, et al. Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission From Heterosexual Adults With Transfusion-Associated Infections. JAMA. 1988;259:55-58. [Erratum. JAMA. 1989;262:502]
- Kaplan EH, Heimer R. A Model-Based Estimate of HIV Infectivity via Needle Sharing. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1992;5:1116-1118.
Individuals are eligible for HIV PEP Treatment if all the following criteria are met:
Prompt antiviral therapy may reduce the risk of HIV transmission by as much as 80%.
- less than 72 hours has elapsed since exposure;
- the exposed individual is not known to be HIV infected;
- the person who is the source of exposure is HIV infected or has unknown HIV status;
- mucous membrane or non-intact skin was exposed to a potentially infectious body fluid;
For optimal efficacy, antiretroviral therapy should be started as soon as possible, ideally within 1 hour of exposure. So that you can remain HIV negative.
The medications and dosages are the same as those used for lifelong treatment of HIV patients. However, for HIV PEP treatment, it is taken for only a month.
References Drugs commonly used in HIV PEP: References TORCH
(of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 15:13:32 +0100 | Healthy Living - The Huffington Post
By Susan J. Blumenthal, M.D., and Jennifer Sherwood, M.P.H.
Zimbabwe: Anti-Gay Legislation Could Defeat Goal to End Aids in Zimbabwe By 2015
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 13:11:25 +0100 | AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine
[IPS]Harare -Despite a mandate to eradicate HIV/AIDS under the U.N. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Zimbabwe has done little or nothing to reduce the rate of infection among vulnerable gays and lesbians, say activists here. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Gambia: Gambia's HIV/Aids Percentage Stands At 1.9
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 13:08:03 +0100 | AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine
[Daily Observer]The regional AIDS coordinator of the National Aids Secretariat (NAS) in the Lower River Region (LRR) has disclosed that the estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS in The Gambia currently stands at 19,380, representing a percentage of 1.9. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Gambia: Kicking HIV/Aids Out
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 12:43:43 +0100 | AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine
[Daily Observer]Stakeholders in our health service particularly those dealing in HIV/AIDS are still commemorating world AIDS which is often observed early in December. The day as we can recall is dedicated to raising money, increasing awareness, fighting prejudice and improving education. It s also important in reminding people that HIV has not gone away, and that there are many things still to be done and as well provides an opportunity for us all - individuals, communities and political leaders - to take action and ensu (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Zambia: Condomize! Protects Vulnerable Populations From HIV
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 10:56:13 +0100 | AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine
[UNFPA]Lusaka -"Today, stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV and key populations remain widespread," said UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, in his statement commemorating World AIDS Day. "We must ensure that anyone at risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections has access to condoms." (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Zimbabwe: Patients in Danger As ARVs Run Out
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 05:10:12 +0100 | AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine
[New Zimbabwe]MORE than half a million people living with HIV and Aids are in danger as the public hospitals countrywide are experiencing shortages of the anti-retroviral (ARVs) drugs. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Antibodies Predict Scleroderma Renal Crisis
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 18:00:01 +0100 | MedPage Today Primary Care
(MedPage Today) -- Antibody test aids assessing risk for this potentially lethal complication. (Source: MedPage Today Primary Care)
HIV-related Stigma Among an Urban Sample of Persons Living With HIV at Risk for Dropping Out of HIV-oriented Primary Medical Care
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 17:18:27 +0100 | Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
HIV-related stigma is one of the greatest barriers to preventing and ending the HIV epidemic. The purpose of our study was to examine HIV-related stigma among urban adults voluntarily seeking HIV-oriented primary medical care and at risk for dropping out after enrolling. The baseline cross-sectional analysis of perceived HIV-related stigma upon enrolling in care examined the level of HIV-related stigma and its sub-domains: personalized, disclosure, negative self-image, and public attitudes. Our study also identified precursors of HIV-related stigma and associated outcomes. (Source: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care)
The Context and Experience of Becoming HIV Infected for Zimbabwean Women: Unheard Voices Revealed
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 17:18:25 +0100 | Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Zimbabwean women are at high risk for HIV infection but often are not the focus of inquiry unless they are participants in controlled trials. In this phenomenological study, we interviewed 17 women living with advanced HIV infection to better understand their experiences and the aftermath of being diagnosed with HIV. Open-ended interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, translated into English, and analyzed. Two themes (living with suspicion of HIV infection and sensing the engulfing anguish of being HIV infected) emerged and were found to reflect the essence of the phenomena. (Source: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care)
Deconstructing HIV-Related Stigma: A Dialogue With a Multidisciplinary Group of Experts
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 17:18:22 +0100 | Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Despite clinical advances in the care of persons living with HIV (PLWH), HIV-related stigma remains a persistent issue, and evidence that stigma negatively impacts health outcomes for PLWH continues to grow. Not only has HIV-related stigma been implicated as a barrier for care initiation for PLWH (Pollini, Blanco, Crump, & Zuniga, 2011), but findings from a meta-analysis examining health and demographic correlates of stigma toward PLWH has revealed that the association of high HIV-related stigma with poor mental and physical health outcomes is significant and consistent across studies (Logie & Gadalla, 2009). (Source: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care)